Schubert ( Gammelmark - Pedersen) History.
at Skarrild , Denmark 2004, where Great Grandfather Fredrik
Christian Schubert and his sisters and brother were born. Great
Great Grandfather Friederich Wilhelm Schubert originally of Prussia, worked in
the textile factory as a weaver.
This is Faergebo - purchased by 7th Great Grandfather Peder Pedersen
Birch (Birk) in 1801. Peder was a parish clerk and (church school) kirke skole teacher.
This is the oldest building in the Jylland township of Sønder
Felding and is in an excellent state of preservation. The
building backed on the river where a ferry boat operated until 1845. Read more about the history of Faergebo, Sønder Felding and the old farm Nederby Gadestedet on the Birk/Birch family page.
Click here:http://www.freewebs.com/forestwood/birchbirkfamily.htmIn Prussia, it was the custom at the time for the various "Guilds" to train young lads, under a form of apprenticeship but once they had completed this internship it was necessary for them to move out of town and find work in other areas for several years, presumably to broaden their skills, but also to reduce competition amongst qualified workers. This also created further opportunities for more younger (and no doubt cheaper) workers.
Frederick Schubert's father was Friederich Wilhelm Schubert, a weaver from Zullichau, a town under the stewardship of Zielona Gora (see map hereunder) located in the then kingdom of Prussia . Once he completed his apprenticeship, he travelled, perhaps as an itinerant weaver, through northern Germany to Denmark . Industrialization was imminent and Friedrich Wilhelm Schubert found stable employment in the town of Skarrild, in Jylland, Danmark, an area renowned for the production of woollen stockings and other articles. He was employed at the newly created "Fabrik", (Textile Factory) called "Clasonsborg", and after a time, married a girl from the nearby town of Sonder Felding, named Dorothea Marie Gammelmark Pedersen, (my great great Grandmother).
Friederich Wilhelm Schubert made yet another extraordinary move to another country after two of his children, Frederick Christian Schubert and Marie Pouline Louise Schubert, immigrated to Australia in 1878 on the Lammershagen, (see description below) in search of a better life and land of their own.
The Immigrant ship Lammershagen 1878 carrying Frederick Christian and his sister Marie Pouline, departed Hamburg April 10th, 1878 and arrived in Brisbane August 6th, 1878.
"LAMMERSHAGEN" according to Lloyd's register and the owner, Robert M.
Sloman & Co. Hamburg Reg. No. 565. 3 Mast Iron ship, Sailing Vessel (Vollshff). Ton;
877 NRT' (913,765) (395 C.L.) full weight 1200 tons. 'Netto Register Ton. One NIR has a
volume of 2.83 cubic metres.
Dimensions; 182*4/32* 1/19*5 eng.ft. 55.72*9.70*5.68 m. (F.-, I deck 2trB)
Masters; P.E. Jorgensen, H.J. Pauls, S. Burow. Built; Alexander Stephen & Sons,
Kelvianhaugh, Glasgow 1869 (first voyage for S. & Co 18/8 1868). Port belonging to:
Hamburg (IBIhHd). Usual Port of survey and destined voyage: Clyde, Glasgow, & C., USA,
Ausuland/New Zealand (wrecked West f Swansea, 18/11 1882)
Description from the Commissioners report, of the vessel upon its voyage to New Zealand carrying immigrants from Hamburg, Source: http://www.holum.net/gen/hamburgnewzealand.htm
on the 12th we mustered the Immigrants and inspected the vessel when we were
pleased to find everything to our satisfaction.
The deck houses by means of which access was gained to the tween decks
were particularly good and similar constructions have been before recommended by
us for use in British vessels carrying Immigrants to this Colony - The ladders
and fittings generally were much more substantial than in English vessels. - the
Married people were located under the poop and also in the tween decks they
having the use of the after and main hatches the compartment was roomy and well
ventilated. We considered it rather
dark however but as our inspection took place during an exceedingly heavy rain
squall it was explained to us that the compartment was darker than it usually
was as the doors of the deck houses were shut and other means of lighting were
covered over - The single girls were berthed under the Poop, their compartment
was an exceedingly comfortable one and they had an excellent bathroom - the
single mens compartment was under the fore hatch and was clean roomy and well
means of ventilation throughout this vessel were particularly good in fact we
may say better than in any vessel we have yet inspected.
The male hospital on deck and the female hospital under the poop were
well ventilated and convenient as also was the dispensary which was under the
poop - the Galley and condenser was good.
Immigrants generally were healthy and of good physique and so far as we could
ascertain there was little or no organic disease amongst them ...
Click here for Passenger lists for the Lammershagen for the voyage that Frederick Christian and Marie Pouline Louise Schubert took in 1878.http://maryborough.50megs.com/photo3.htmlIt was not too long before their Frederick Christian's and Maria Pouline's parents joined them in the New World.
Sometime after arriving on the RMS Compla in 1882, Friederich Schubert and Dorothea Marie Gammelmark Pedersen settled in Coorparoo, Brisbane with their youngest son, Wilhelm Gottlieb Schubert,
who was a saddler by trade. They applied for naturalization as an
Australian citizen, as soon as they arrived. Because of this, one could
see that they had no intention to return to Danmark and as such, they
were later sucessful in gaining the old age pension. Dorothea lived
until 1922, succumbing to senility at the ripe old age of 92 years at
the Dunwich Benevolent Institution, on Stradbroke Island, where she is
buried. Freiderich was buried in Toowong General Cemetery in Brisbane's
western suburbs in 1909, and although his grave is not marked by a
headstone, it is easily found in a section that overlooks the road to
Sir Samuel Griffiths drive, Mt Cootha. A road, I traversed at least once
a week for many years in my youth. Little did I know at the time that
Great Great Grandfather was watching over me as I passed by.
From Prussia to Australia
The former Prussian province of Pommern ( in Pomerania) is split by the present day German-Polish border (generally
speaking, the Oder River) as a result of the Yalta Treaty since the end
of World War 11 (1945). Eastern Pommern (Hinterpommern) is now called
Pomorze, Poland. Western Pommern (Vorpommern) is now part of the German
province of Mecklenberg-Vorpommern.
This is the little village of Hohenselchow, which lies near Pinnow (present day name: Pniewo), in Pommern, the former Prussian province of Pommerania, and East German state of Stettin, now part of Poland.
Hohenselchow Kreis Greifenhagen (formerly Kr. Randow) in Uckermark, is where my great grandmother Emilie Augusta Schmidt was born. (She is pictured on the right with her youngest son, Norman). She travelled to Australia, on the ship "Johann Caesar", (Captain Bruck), which left Hamburg 7th October, 1865 and arrived in Brisbane 8th February, 1866. Emilie was just four years old at the time and settled with her family in the Rosevale area, near Ipswich in Queensland. It is my hope
to one day travel to see these villages and complete a full circle of
travel of the globe that was started four generations ago.Schmidt Family Records Shipping Records of Arrivals : Johan Cesar 1866 Wilhem (Carl Ferdinand) Schmidt
Age 32 born c1833 Penough, Pomerania, Died 27/01/1885 Rosevale. Married Charlotte Wilhimina Loff 9/08/1855 Pinnow, Germany
Parents: Michael SchmidtWilhemina (Charlotte Wilhelmina Loff) Schmidt
Age 34 born c 1831 Kasekow, Pommern Died 19/09/1891, Rosevale
Parents: August Loff and Eleanora SpecknerTheir Children
:Carl August Wilhelm Schmidt
Age 11 born 27/08/1856, Pinnow Germany. D 14/08/1941, Rosewood. M 03/08/1882,Rosevale. Maria Caroline Werth,
( see photos below)August Ferdinand Schmid
t Age 7 born 14/10/1858 Pinnow, Pommern. D:4/12/1929 Rosevale. M: 21/10/1881, Rosevale, Auguste Hermine Agnes LoffEmelie Augusta Schmidt
Age 4 born 8/12/1862, Pinnow Pommern. D: 29/10/1946, Wondai. M: 1/11/1886 Three Mile Creek, Ipswich, Fredrik Christian Schubert)
(pictured on Right)Mary (Maria) Augusta Wilhemine Schmidt
Infant Born 18/2/1865 Hohenselchow, D:4/2/1945, Rosevale/ Boonah. M:8/6/1888 (Rosevale) Wihelm Fredrich August Gerhke.
Children Born later in the colony:Albertine Auguste Wilhemine Schmidt
born 1/12/1867 Ipswich (?Rosevale) D: 26/5/1947 M: 15/12/1887 August Carl Gotleib SpannAnnie Bertha Schmidt
born 9/5/1871 Ipswich D: 4/3/1924 Qld M: 7/8/1890 Rosevale Wilhelm August Gottfried Zahnow
Wilhemine Charlotte Loff had a brother August Loff born 1835, and a sister Caroline Elenor Loff born 1836 who had 2 children, and was pregant but unfortunately, died of cholera during the voyage. The ship was quarantined for some time at Peel Island, off coast of Brisbane where Caroline is buried.
The Schmidt family settled in the Rosevale area and has many descendants throughout the Mt Mort, Lowood, Lockyer valley and Brisbane areas and involve family names such as Loff, Zahnow, Gehrke and Schmidt/Smith. Here are some photos of some of the Augusta Ferdinand Schmidt and Auguste Hermione Loff Family group.
Augusta Ferdinand Schmidt and Auguste Hermione Loff Family
Albertina Johanna Schmidt (b. 19 March 1882, d. 25 March 1951) She married Ernest Nutley. Parents of Evelyn and Algernon Grandparents of Rita Great grandmother of Janet
Amelia Auguste Schmidt (b. 30 May 1883) died 1920 married name Fleishflesser
William Schmidt (b. 6 December 1885)
- Albertine (Albertina) Schmidt (b. 4 January
1888) married Otto Schablon; Murwillumbah
Schmidt (b. 20 October 1889)
Schmidt (b. 23 November 1890)
Carl William Schmidt (b. 18 August 1892) - Sydney
Fredricke Schmidt (twin of Caroline – born and died in
Wilhelmine Schmidt (twin of Auguste – born and died in
Schmidt (b. 26 October 1894)
- married William Hart; Gatton
- Elizabeth Schmidt (b. 18 September 1896)
married John Raven Stick; Teneriffe
William Schmidt (b. 3 September 1898) - Rosevale
Louise Schmidt (b. 7 March 1900) married Charles William Mussig- Upper Coomera
- Catherine Louisa Schmidt (b. 20 November
1904) married name M. P. Kucks buried at Warrill View
Then there was Albert
(son of Annie) but raised by August and Auguste.
Emelie Augusta Schmidt, married
Frederick Schubert, a dashing Danish immigrant, whose father was a
weaver from Zullichau, (A.K.A Sulechow: pictured here in modern times),
located not far from Zielona Gora in Lower Silesia, once Swedish
Pommerania, Prussia, and now part of Poland. You can read
more about Clasonsborg here Schubert (
Gammelmark - Pedersen) History. , , The marriage 1 Nov 1886 at Three
Mile Creek, Ipswich produced seven children:
1. George William Schubert B: 13/02/187
Laidley D: 25/2/1975 Nambour M:25/10/1911 Katie
Jarmin Dunning B: 22/6/1891 D: 3/7/1987
2. Minnie Emelie Schubert
B:18/11/1888Laidley, d. 1/4/1966 M;21/02/1905 Robert Henry Lock B;6/09/1857 D:18/12/1931
3. Mabel Schubert
B:20/09/1889 Laidley d: 11/09/1915 M: :2/11/1910 Percy Connor B:1884 Melbourne d:
4. William Schubert B:1311/1892
Laidley D:3/9/1949 (buried Wondai) M:13/12/1913 Evelyn Ringuet B: 11/12/1896
5. Henry Christian Schubert
B:15/5/1894Burnside(Mulgowie) D; 2/9/1971 Brisbane M:28/9/1916 Elsie Jane McLucas
6. Ethel Matilda
Burnside (Mulgowie) D:11/8/1987 Brisbane M: 3/6/1912 Alfred
George Russell B:29/8/1892 D:4/1/1954 MY PATERNAL GRANDPARENTS
7. Norman Alfred Schubert B:4/9/1908 Maryborough
Ann Baulch 17/10/1936
Norman Alfred Schubert,
the youngest son, is pictured here with Emelie
Pommerania has a convoluted history of settlement as does Silesia, which has been under the control of the Austrians, Germans, Moravians, Bohemians, Poles and Czechs at various times. Here is some information from Wikipedia on Zielona Gora which means "Green Mountain" or Grunberg, ( its old German name) and the region of Lower Silesia.
In 1163 the emperor established Upper Silesia
and Lower Silesia
and granted duchies as fiefs
to be ruled by Silesian Dukes
. Many German craftsmen came to build cities and churches. The region received further influx of German
burghers in the second half of the thirteenth century during the medieval Ostsiedlung
The settlement became a city with Crossener Recht
, a variation of Magdeburg rights
, in 1323.
The earliest mention of the town's coat of arms is from 1421, although
it is believed to have been arranged since the beginning of the
A document in the town archive of Thorn (Toruń)
dating from before 1400 used a sigil
with the name GRVNINBERG
, an early form of the German name Grünberg
Most of Lower Silesia, except for south part of the Duchy of Nysa, became part of the Kingdom of Prussia in 1742 after the First Silesian War and was turned into the Province of Silesia, divided into the districts of Lower Silesia (Liegnitz), Middle Silesia (Breslau), and Upper Silesia (Oppeln).
Zielona Gora was annexed by the Kingdom of Prussia by the 1742 Treaty of Breslau which ended the First Silesian War. The Prussians introduced religious toleration, leading to the construction of the Protestant parish church Zum Garten Christ from 1746–47; Catholic Poles were later discriminated against, however.The city's textile industry
was booming by the end of the eighteenth century, and by 1800 large
parts of the city walls had been dismantled to allow the city to expand. The textile industry suffered during the 1820s while adjusting to the Industrial Revolution and an import ban by the Russian Empire; The city's economy began to recover after many clothiers immigrated to Congress Poland.
During industrialization many Germans from the countryside moved to
large industrial cities and large number of Poles came to German cities
to work as well. The Polish population was pushed by Germanisation to rural villages, although some remained in the town contributed to the economic revival of the city. A Polish church remained functional until 1809 and a Polish craftsmen association (Towarzystwo Polskich Rzemieślników) was established by Kazimierz Lisowski in 1898.
Since 1816 after the Napoleonic Wars
, Grünberg was administered within the district Landkreis Grünberg i. Schles.
in the Province of Silesia
. In 1871 it became part of the German Empire
during the unification of Germany
industrialists purchased some of the city's textile factories during the 1870s and 1880s.
By the beginning of the 20th century Lower Silesia had an almost
entirely German-speaking and ethnic German population, with the
exception of a small Polish-speaking area in the northeastern part of the district of Namslau, Syców and Milicz and a 9 % Czech-speaking minority in the rural area around Strehlen. After the First World War, Upper Silesia was divided between Germany, Poland, and Czechoslovakia, while Lower Silesia remained in Germany. The Prussian Province of Silesia was reorganized into the Prussian Free State's provinces of Lower Silesia and Upper Silesia.
Did you get all of that?
Surnames of my ancestors:
Please contact me by signing my guestbook
if you think you may be related to me.
It would be great if you could check the location next to the family
Andreasson - Barslund Mark, Hoven, Denmark.
Bennett - Mungindi New South Wales, Brisbane.
Birk / Birch/Birkmose- Jylland Denmark, especially Sonder Felding, Skaelskor, Skovbjerg, Hoven. Skarrild, Sommersted, Arnborg, Agersø, Danmark
Birkegaard - Peters - København, (Copenhagen), Hawks Bay, Norsewood, New Zealand
Capon - Parramatta, Australia
Carpenter - Baldwin - Wilberforce, New south Wales, Australia
Cawell - Ryde, Parramatta, Sydney, Australia
Christensen/Christensdatter/ Christensen Birch Hoven- Nederby, Clasonsborg, Jylland, Denmark
Cowell -see (Cawell) Australia
Dodd - New South Wales - Australia
Esmarch - Raekker Møllegård, Saedding, Denmark
Friis - ølfgod parkish Nederby, Dk
Gammelmark ( Pedersen) - Skarrild, Gammelmark, Clasonsborg, Dk.
Graver - Jylland Denmark
Gregersdatter/Gregersen - Bejsnap Mark, ølgod parish, Danmark
Hale - New South Wales, Australia
Hansdatter - Borris, Gammelmark, MInds,Sdr Felding, Denmark
Hansen - Jylland Denmark
Jacobsen - Gundesbol, Denmark
Jensen/ Jensdatter - Gaden Sdr Felding, Brande, Borris, Jylland, Denmark
Junker - Sonder Felding, Jylland, Denmark
Kramer/Frølich - Skelskor, Slagelse
Kjaerhus - Hoven, Dk.
Larsdatter - Gammelmark, Sdr Felding, Danmark
Laughlin / Laughlan - England, Maitland, Taringa, Clear Mountain, Australia also Locklin and McLaughlin/ McLaughlan
Leitzow - Prussia Waterford, Queensland Australia
Loff - Hohenselchow, Kasekow, Prussia, Rosevale Qld, Australia.
Martin - Gostwyche, Martin's creek, Paterson, New south Wales
McLaughlin - England Australia (Qld) also see Laughlin
McManus - Ireland
Mortensen - Neder Burgårdes Mark, Denmark
Nielsen - Nederby, Sdr Felding
Nygaard - Hvollig Danmark
Olufsdatter - Gadestedet Sdr Felding, Dk
Pedersen / Pedersdatter - Tarp, Assing, Nederby, Hoven, Sonder Felding, Skarrild, Clasonsborg, Egeslevmagle, Denmark, Stradbroke Island, Cooparoo Brisbane.
Petersen/Pedersen Birch - Agersø Danmark
Rayner - England and Windsor, Parramatta, Australia
Robinson - Brisbane, Australia.
Rolls - Germany.
Ross - Werribee, Victoria, Western Australia
Russell - Wells, Somerset England, Richmond River, Eureka, NSW, Brisbane, Australia (QLD)
Scheel - Gaden Sdr Felding
Schmidt - Hohenselchow, Pinnow, Pommern, Prussia, Gympie, Palmwoods, Wondai, Rosevale, Rosewood, Ipswich, Australia (QLD), Skarrild, Denmark
Schubert - Laidley, Mulgowie ( Burnside) Australia. Jylland, Denmark, Zielona Gora, Silesia Prussia (now Poland).
Simonsen - Astrup Hede. Danmark
Snoer - Seggelund, Dk
Sorensen - Gadehuset, Sdr. Felding, Dk
Spann - Laidley, Ipswich, Australia
Speikner - Kasekow, Prussia Rosevale Qld Australia
Stevensen - Australia ( through Capon descendancy)
Thychsen - Skelskør, Denmark
Troelsen - Borris, Jylland Denmark
Tonks - New Zealand (Hawks Bay)
Zahnow - Rosevale, Rosewood.