Forest Wood Rosemaling Art & Craft

Amanda's Rosemaling and Traditional Crafts (Husfliden)

Family History.

My family comes from Scandinavia, Pomerania (a province of Sweden and Prussia), Silesia and various spots within the United Kingdom.

My English ancestors were amongst the earliest free settlers to come to Australia in 1801. Israel Rayner brought the family from England in 1801, settling in the Parrmatta district. His daughter Jemima, and convict (later ticket of leave) husband John Martin were a pioneering couple who lived in the Hawkesbury and Martins Creek, near Paterson, New South Wales. It is here that the name of my site and folk art is derived, in honour of these, my 7th great grandparents. Their farm at Martin's Creek was called Forest Wood.

My Scandinavian ancestry is primarily Danish, and going further back, also Swedish, Pommerania, and German. There is a Scottish and Norwegian influence too, but that has yet to be confirmed.

My Danish ancestors came to Australia from Jylland in Denmark in 1878, and settled in Rosevale, and Brisbane, Queensland. They were the Schuberts and the Gammelmark Pedersens.

My family pedigree on the Danish line can be traced back to Christen Nielsen who was born around 1620. Remarkably, they all remained in the same area for hundreds of years until my very bold great Grandfather Frederik Christian Schubert embarked on the "Lammershagen" to journey to Australia with his sister, Maria Louise Pouline Schubert. Tragically Maria, died of typhus before too long, but not before she had married to Anders Petersen ( another Dane from Fyn) and given birth to two sons, Peter William Petersen and Edward Theodore Petersen.

Many of these old Danish ancestors from Jylland hailed from the small town of Sonder Felding, and nearby Hoven (Hoven local school and arkive pictured on left) and were teachers and clergymen. There is a substantial amount of information available in the "Lokal Arkiv"s in Denmark. The Hoven lokal arkiv (pictured here) has details on school and baptism records and you can find information about Peder Birk, a skilled schoolteacher in the parish.  You can also read  more about my Danish family below or on the Birk page of this site. (see menu above or click here

Most of the Pommeranian side of the family (Schmidt) hailed from Hohenselchow, pictured above, but my Great Grandmother was born in Pinnow, southwest of Stettin; Great Great Grandfather was a weaver in Zullichau, Zielona Gora, Silesia before he immigrated to Danmark.  Pinnow Hohenselchow, and Zullichau (Sulechow), Zielona Gora
are towns now situtated within the boundaries of Poland. Click here for more information on this line of my family From Prussia to Australia


Schubert ( Gammelmark - Pedersen) History.

Clasonsborg at  Skarrild , Denmark 2004, where Great Grandfather Fredrik Christian Schubert and his sisters and brother were born. Great Great Grandfather Friederich Wilhelm Schubert originally of  Prussia, worked  in the textile factory as a weaver.

This is Faergebo - purchased by 7th Great Grandfather Peder Pedersen Birch (Birk) in 1801. Peder was a parish clerk and (church school) kirke skole teacher. This is the oldest building in the Jylland township of Sønder Felding and is in an excellent state of preservation. The building backed on the river where a ferry boat operated until 1845.  Read more about the history of Faergebo, Sønder Felding and the old farm Nederby Gadestedet on the Birk/Birch family page.

Click here:

In Prussia, it was the custom at the time for the various "Guilds" to train young lads, under a form of apprenticeship but once they had completed this internship it was necessary for them to move out of town and find work in other areas for several years, presumably to broaden their skills, but also to reduce competition amongst qualified workers. This also created further opportunities for more younger (and no doubt cheaper) workers.

Christian Frederick Schubert's father was Friederich Wilhelm Schubert, a weaver from Zullichau, a town under the stewardship of Zielona Gora (see map hereunder) located in the then kingdom of Prussia . Once he completed his apprenticeship, he travelled, perhaps as an itinerant weaver, through northern Germany to Denmark . Industrialization was imminent and Friedrich Wilhelm Schubert found stable employment in the town of Skarrild, in Jylland, Danmark, an area renowned for the production of woollen stockings and other articles.  He was employed at the newly created "Fabrik", (Textile Factory) called "Clasonsborg", and after a time, married a girl from the nearby town of Sonder Felding, named Dorothea Marie Gammelmark Pedersen, (my great great Grandmother).

Friederich Wilhelm Schubert made yet another extraordinary move to another country after two of his children, Frederick Christian Schubert and Marie Pouline Louise Schubert, immigrated to Australia in 1878 on the Lammershagen, (see description below) in search of a better life and land of their own.

The Immigrant ship Lammershagen 1878 carrying Frederick Christian and his sister Marie Pouline, departed Hamburg April 10th, 1878 and arrived in Brisbane August 6th, 1878.

"LAMMERSHAGEN" according to Lloyd's register and the owner, Robert M. Sloman & Co. Hamburg Reg. No. 565. 3 Mast Iron ship, Sailing Vessel (Vollshff). Ton; 877 NRT' (913,765) (395 C.L.) full weight 1200 tons. 'Netto Register Ton. One NIR has a volume of 2.83 cubic metres.

Dimensions; 182*4/32* 1/19*5 eng.ft. 55.72*9.70*5.68 m. (F.-, I deck 2trB) Masters; P.E. Jorgensen, H.J. Pauls, S. Burow. Built; Alexander Stephen & Sons, Kelvianhaugh, Glasgow 1869 (first voyage for S. & Co 18/8 1868). Port belonging to: Hamburg (IBIhHd). Usual Port of survey and destined voyage: Clyde, Glasgow, & C., USA, Ausuland/New Zealand (wrecked West f Swansea, 18/11 1882)

Description from the Commissioners report, of the vessel upon its voyage to New Zealand carrying immigrants from Hamburg, Source:

"Early on the 12th we mustered the Immigrants and inspected the vessel when we were pleased to find everything to our satisfaction.  The deck houses by means of which access was gained to the tween decks were particularly good and similar constructions have been before recommended by us for use in British vessels carrying Immigrants to this Colony - The ladders and fittings generally were much more substantial than in English vessels. - the Married people were located under the poop and also in the tween decks they having the use of the after and main hatches the compartment was roomy and well ventilated.  We considered it rather dark however but as our inspection took place during an exceedingly heavy rain squall it was explained to us that the compartment was darker than it usually was as the doors of the deck houses were shut and other means of lighting were covered over - The single girls were berthed under the Poop, their compartment was an exceedingly comfortable one and they had an excellent bathroom - the single mens compartment was under the fore hatch and was clean roomy and well ventilated. 


The means of ventilation throughout this vessel were particularly good in fact we may say better than in any vessel we have yet inspected.  The male hospital on deck and the female hospital under the poop were well ventilated and convenient as also was the dispensary which was under the poop - the Galley and condenser was good.


The Immigrants generally were healthy and of good physique and so far as we could ascertain there was little or no organic disease amongst them ..."

Click here for Passenger lists for the Lammershagen for the voyage that Frederick Christian and Marie Pouline Louise Schubert took in 1878.

It was not too long before their Frederick Christian's and Maria Pouline's parents joined them in the New World.

Sometime after arriving on the RMS Compla in 1882, Friederich Schubert and Dorothea Marie Gammelmark Pedersen settled in  Coorparoo, Brisbane with their youngest son, Wilhelm Gottlieb Schubert, who was a saddler by trade. They applied for naturalization as an Australian citizen, as soon as they arrived. Because of this, one could see that they had no intention to return to Danmark and as such, they were later sucessful in gaining the old age pension. Dorothea lived until 1922, succumbing to senility at the ripe old age of 92 years at the Dunwich Benevolent Institution, on Stradbroke Island, where she is buried. Freiderich was buried in Toowong General Cemetery in Brisbane's western suburbs in 1909, and although his grave is not marked by a headstone, it is easily found in a section that overlooks the road to Sir Samuel Griffiths drive, Mt Cootha. A road, I traversed at least once a week for many years in my youth. Little did I know at the time that Great Great Grandfather was watching over me as I passed by.

From Prussia to Australia

The former Prussian province of Pommern ( in Pomerania) is split by the present day German-Polish border (generally speaking, the Oder River) as a result of the Yalta Treaty since the end of World War 11 (1945). Eastern Pommern (Hinterpommern) is now called Pomorze, Poland. Western Pommern (Vorpommern) is now part of the German province of Mecklenberg-Vorpommern.

This is the little village of Hohenselchow, which lies near Pinnow (present day name: Pniewo), in Pommern, the former Prussian province of Pommerania, and East German state of Stettin, now part of Poland.

Hohenselchow Kreis Greifenhagen (formerly Kr. Randow) in Uckermark, is where my great grandmother Emilie Augusta Schmidt was born. (She is pictured on the right with her youngest son, Norman). She travelled to Australia, on the ship "Johann Caesar", (Captain Bruck), which left Hamburg 7th October, 1865 and arrived in Brisbane 8th February, 1866. Emilie was just four years old at the time and settled with her family in the Rosevale area, near Ipswich in Queensland. It is my  hope to one day travel to see these villages and complete a full circle of travel of the globe that was started four generations ago.

Schmidt Family Records
Shipping Records of Arrivals : Johan Cesar 1866

Wilhem (Carl Ferdinand) Schmidt Age 32 born c1833 Penough, Pomerania, Died 27/01/1885 Rosevale. Married Charlotte Wilhimina Loff 9/08/1855 Pinnow, Germany
Occupation: Farmer
Parents: Michael Schmidt
Wilhemina (Charlotte Wilhelmina Loff) Schmidt Age 34  born c 1831 Kasekow, Pommern Died 19/09/1891, Rosevale
Parents: August Loff and Eleanora Speckner

Their Children:
Carl August Wilhelm Schmidt Age 11 born 27/08/1856, Pinnow Germany. D 14/08/1941, Rosewood. M 03/08/1882,Rosevale. Maria Caroline Werth, ( see photos below)
August Ferdinand Schmidt Age 7  born 14/10/1858 Pinnow, Pommern. D:4/12/1929 Rosevale. M: 21/10/1881, Rosevale, Auguste Hermine Agnes Loff
Emelie Augusta Schmidt  Age 4 born 8/12/1862, Pinnow Pommern. D: 29/10/1946, Wondai. M: 1/11/1886 Three Mile Creek, Ipswich, Fredrik Christian Schubert) (pictured on Right)
Mary (Maria) Augusta Wilhemine Schmidt  Infant Born 18/2/1865 Hohenselchow, D:4/2/1945, Rosevale/ Boonah. M:8/6/1888 (Rosevale) Wihelm Fredrich August Gerhke.
Children Born later in the colony:
Albertine Auguste Wilhemine Schmidt born 1/12/1867 Ipswich (?Rosevale) D: 26/5/1947 M: 15/12/1887 August Carl Gotleib Spann
Annie Bertha Schmidt born 9/5/1871 Ipswich D: 4/3/1924 Qld M: 7/8/1890 Rosevale Wilhelm August Gottfried Zahnow?

Wilhemine Charlotte Loff had a brother August Loff  born 1835, and a sister Caroline Elenor Loff born 1836 who had 2 children, and was pregant but unfortunately, died of cholera during the voyage. The ship was quarantined for some time at Peel Island, off coast of Brisbane where Caroline is buried.

The Schmidt family settled in the Rosevale area and has many descendants throughout the Mt Mort, Lowood, Lockyer valley and Brisbane areas and involve family names such as Loff, Zahnow, Gehrke and Schmidt/Smith. Here are some photos of some of the Augusta Ferdinand Schmidt and Auguste Hermione Loff Family group.

Augusta Ferdinand Schmidt and Auguste Hermione Loff Family

  1. Annie Albertina Johanna Schmidt (b. 19 March 1882, d. 25 March 1951) She married Ernest Nutley. Parents of Evelyn and Algernon  Grandparents of Rita Great grandmother of Janet 
  2. Minna Amelia Auguste Schmidt (b. 30 May 1883)  died 1920 married name Fleishflesser
  3. Charles William Schmidt (b. 6 December 1885)
  4. Albertine (Albertina) Schmidt (b. 4 January 1888)  married Otto Schablon; Murwillumbah
  5. Martha Schmidt (b. 20 October 1889)
  6. Matilda Schmidt (b. 23 November 1890)
  7. August Carl William Schmidt (b. 18 August 1892) - Sydney
  8. Auguste Fredricke Schmidt  (twin of Caroline – born and died in 1893)
  9. Caroline Wilhelmine Schmidt (twin of Auguste – born and died in 1893)
  10. Emelie Schmidt (b. 26 October 1894)- married William Hart; Gatton
  11. Elizabeth Schmidt (b. 18 September 1896) married  John Raven Stick; Teneriffe
  12. Harry William Schmidt (b. 3 September 1898) - Rosevale
  13. Agnes Louise Schmidt (b. 7 March 1900) married Charles William Mussig- Upper Coomera
  14. Catherine Louisa Schmidt (b. 20 November 1904) married name M. P. Kucks buried at Warrill View

Then there was Albert (son of Annie) but raised by August and Auguste.


Emelie Augusta Schmidt, married Christian Frederick Schubert, a dashing Danish immigrant, whose father was a weaver from Zullichau, (A.K.A Sulechow: pictured here in modern times), located not far from Zielona Gora in Lower Silesia, once Swedish Pommerania, Prussia, and now part of Poland. You can read more about Clasonsborg here Schubert ( Gammelmark - Pedersen) History. , , The marriage 1 Nov 1886 at Three Mile Creek, Ipswich produced seven children:

1. George William Schubert
  B: 13/02/187 Laidley D: 25/2/1975 Nambour M:25/10/1911 Katie Jarmin Dunning B: 22/6/1891 D: 3/7/1987 
2Minnie Emelie Schubert      B:18/11/1888Laidley, d. 1/4/1966 M;21/02/1905 Robert Henry Lock B;6/09/1857 D:18/12/1931
3. Mabel Schubert                  B:20/09/1889 Laidley d: 11/09/1915 M: :2/11/1910 Percy Connor B:1884 Melbourne d:
4. William Schubert          B:1311/1892 Laidley D:3/9/1949 (buried Wondai) M:13/12/1913 Evelyn Ringuet B: 11/12/1896 D:23/5/1967
5. Henry Christian Schubert  B:15/5/1894Burnside(Mulgowie) D; 2/9/1971 Brisbane M:28/9/1916 Elsie Jane McLucas B;28/11/1895D;2/1/1981
6. Ethel Matilda Schubert     B:5/8/1896 Burnside (Mulgowie) D:11/8/1987 Brisbane M:
3/6/1912 Alfred George Russell B:29/8/1892 D:4/1/1954    MY PATERNAL GRANDPARENTS
7. Norman Alfred Schubert  B:4/9/1908 Maryborough D:17/3/1951 M:Edith Ann Baulch 17/10/1936

Norman Alfred Schubert, the youngest son, is pictured here with Emelie.

Pommerania has a convoluted history of settlement as does Silesia, which has been under the control of the Austrians, Germans, Moravians, Bohemians, Poles and Czechs at various times. Here is some information from Wikipedia on Zielona Gora which means "Green Mountain" or Grunberg, ( its old German name) and the region of Lower Silesia.
In 1163 the emperor established Upper Silesia and Lower Silesia and granted duchies as fiefs to be ruled by Silesian Dukes. Many German craftsmen came to build cities and churches. The region received further influx of German burghers in the second half of the thirteenth century during the medieval Ostsiedlung.[3] The settlement became a city with Crossener Recht, a variation of Magdeburg rights, in 1323.[2] The earliest mention of the town's coat of arms is from 1421, although it is believed to have been arranged since the beginning of the fourteenth century.[4] A document in the town archive of Thorn (Toruń) dating from before 1400 used a sigil with the name GRVNINBERG, an early form of the German name Grünberg.[4]"

Most of Lower Silesia, except for south part of the Duchy of Nysa, became part of the Kingdom of Prussia in 1742 after the First Silesian War and was turned into the Province of Silesia, divided into the districts of Lower Silesia (Liegnitz), Middle Silesia (Breslau), and Upper Silesia (Oppeln).

Zielona Gora was annexed by the Kingdom of Prussia by the 1742 Treaty of Breslau which ended the First Silesian War. The Prussians introduced religious toleration,[6] leading to the construction of the Protestant parish church Zum Garten Christ from 1746–47;[6] Catholic Poles were later discriminated against, however.The city's textile industry was booming by the end of the eighteenth century, and by 1800 large parts of the city walls had been dismantled to allow the city to expand.[6] The textile industry suffered during the 1820s while adjusting to the Industrial Revolution and an import ban by the Russian Empire; The city's economy began to recover after many clothiers immigrated to Congress Poland.

During industrialization many Germans from the countryside moved to large industrial cities and large number of Poles came to German cities to work as well. The Polish population was pushed by Germanisation to rural villages,[1] although some remained in the town contributed to the economic revival of the city.[1] A Polish church remained functional[1] until 1809 and a Polish craftsmen association (Towarzystwo Polskich Rzemieślników) was established by Kazimierz Lisowski in 1898.

Since 1816 after the Napoleonic Wars, Grünberg was administered within the district Landkreis Grünberg i. Schles. in the Province of Silesia. In 1871 it became part of the German Empire during the unification of Germany. English industrialists purchased some of the city's textile factories during the 1870s and 1880s.

By the beginning of the 20th century Lower Silesia had an almost entirely German-speaking and ethnic German population, with the exception of a small Polish-speaking area in the northeastern part of the district of Namslau, Syców and Milicz and a 9 % Czech-speaking minority in the rural area around Strehlen. After the First World War, Upper Silesia was divided between Germany, Poland, and Czechoslovakia, while Lower Silesia remained in Germany. The Prussian Province of Silesia was reorganized into the Prussian Free State's provinces of Lower Silesia and Upper Silesia.

Did you get all of that?

German Bark "Johann Caesar" Hamburg

The following information is adapted and sourced from :

Built in a shipyard in Reiherstig, near Hamburg in 1851/2 for the shipping magnate Johann Caesar Goddefry the Johann Caesar was a German bark of 390 tons, was commissioned on September 3, 1852. Dimensions: 37.9 x 8.1 x 5.12 metres (length by beam by depth of hold); sold Swedish in 1880 to Bjorksgren, Kalmar, renamed "Ingegerd" sailed to Australia via Calcutta, reaching Moreton Bay in 1856. The Ship had preciously sailed from Hamburg to Australia six times and three times docked in Brisbane.

Captained by H.D.A. Bruck, the Johann Caesar left the Elbe on October 12, 1865. Immediately after sailing, the weather became very rough, and continued so until they were clear of the Bay of Biscay. The Carpenter on board was washed overboard in a violent gale and drowned. The rest of the voyage had moderate to fine weather. They landed in Trinidad December 9, 1865 and was off Tristam d'Acunha by Christmas Day. The Desert Islands were made Jan 13, 1866. Tasmania was sighted on Jan 29, 1866, and she anchored off Cape Moreton.  On February 9, 1866 she was examined and passed by the Health Officer. Saturday February 10th, the passengers, about 255 (245 German immigrants) were landed at the new depot in William Street.  In the pictures you wil see the old Commissariat Store, located in William street, Brisbane, which processed and accommodated immigrant in the early days of the colony. Immigrants were housed in the upstairs floor and next door what is now National Trust house.

Background to German Immigration to Australia

The Darling Downs, Queensland, during the 1830s to 1860s was divided into large lease land holdings. In the 1850s there was a labour shortage on the pastoral properties of the Darling Downs due to the pastoral workers vanishing to the gold fields. To counter this phenomenon, the squatter aristocracy used German agents to recruit German shepherd migrants who were brought out under contract between 1852 and 1855. As the squatter’s properties were unfenced, a Shepherd’s job was to live in isolated areas of the property and protect a flock of sheep from dingoes, aboriginal hunters and generally keep the flock in the boundaries of the station. They proved to be reliable, frugal and sober workers who managed to save sufficient cash out of their wages of 20 to 30 pounds per year (and rations) to enable them to purchase land in the Sixties


The Lavor's appear to have a long history in England prior to their immigration to Australia. There are variations on this name, including Lavis, Lavors etc.

One clever researcher has found details from Edward Lavor's cottage, and even a picture. The cottage has even been the subject of  a famous painting.

The inventory of the cottage after Edward Lavor's death is a fascinating insight into life at the time.

Surnames of my ancestors:

Please contact me by signing my guestbook if you think you may be related to me.

It would be great if you could check the location next to the family name first.

Andreasson - Barslund Mark, Hoven, Denmark.

Bennett - Mungindi New South Wales, Brisbane.
Birk / Birch/Birkmose- Jylland Denmark, especially Sonder Felding, Skaelskor, Skovbjerg, Hoven. Skarrild, Sommersted, Arnborg, Agersø, Danmark
Birkegaard - Peters - København, (Copenhagen), Hawks Bay, Norsewood, New Zealand

Capon - Parramatta, Australia
Carpenter - Baldwin - Wilberforce, New south Wales, Australia
Cawell - Ryde, Parramatta, Sydney, Australia
Christensen/Christensdatter/  Christensen Birch Hoven- Nederby, Clasonsborg, Jylland, Denmark
Cowell -see (Cawell) Australia

Dodd - New South Wales - Australia

Esmarch - Raekker Møllegård,  Saedding, Denmark

Friis - ølfgod parkish Nederby, Dk

Gammelmark ( Pedersen) - Skarrild, Gammelmark, Clasonsborg, Dk.

Graver - Jylland Denmark
Gregersdatter/Gregersen - Bejsnap Mark, ølgod parish, Danmark

Hale - New South Wales, Australia
Hansdatter - Borris, Gammelmark, MInds,Sdr Felding, Denmark
Hansen - Jylland Denmark

Jacobsen - Gundesbol, Denmark
Jensen/ Jensdatter - Gaden Sdr Felding, Brande, Borris, Jylland, Denmark
Junker - Sonder Felding, Jylland, Denmark

Kramer/Frølich - Skelskor, Slagelse
Kjaerhus - Hoven, Dk.
Larsdatter - Gammelmark, Sdr Felding, Danmark
Laughlin / Laughlan - England, Maitland, Taringa, Clear Mountain, Australia also Locklin and McLaughlin/ McLaughlan
Leitzow - Prussia  Waterford, Queensland Australia
Loff - Hohenselchow, Kasekow, Prussia, Rosevale Qld, Australia.

Martin - Gostwyche, Martin's creek, Paterson, New south Wales
McLaughlin - England Australia (Qld) also see Laughlin

McManus - Ireland
Mortensen - Neder Burgårdes Mark, Denmark

Nielsen - Nederby, Sdr Felding
Nygaard - Hvollig Danmark

Olufsdatter - Gadestedet Sdr Felding, Dk

Pedersen / Pedersdatter - Tarp, Assing,  Nederby, Hoven, Sonder Felding, Skarrild, Clasonsborg, Egeslevmagle, Denmark
, Stradbroke Island, Cooparoo Brisbane.
Petersen/Pedersen Birch - Agersø Danmark

Rayner -  England and Windsor, Parramatta, Australia
Robinson - Brisbane, Australia.
Rolls -
Ross - Werribee, Victoria,  Western Australia
Russell -  Wells, Somerset England, Richmond River, Eureka, NSW, Brisbane, Australia (QLD)
Scheel - Gaden Sdr Felding
Schmidt - Hohenselchow, Pinnow, Pommern, Prussia, Gympie, Palmwoods, Wondai, Rosevale, Rosewood, Ipswich, Australia (QLD), Skarrild, Denmark
Schubert - Laidley, Mulgowie ( Burnside) Australia. Jylland, Denmark, Zielona Gora, Silesia Prussia  (now Poland).
Simonsen - Astrup Hede. Danmark
Snoer - Seggelund, Dk
Sorensen - Gadehuset, Sdr. Felding, Dk
Spann - Laidley, Ipswich, Australia
Speikner - Kasekow, Prussia Rosevale Qld Australia

Stevensen - Australia ( through Capon descendancy)

Thychsen - Skelskør, Denmark
Troelsen - Borris, Jylland Denmark

Tonks - New Zealand (Hawks Bay)

- Rosevale, Rosewood.